Ernest and Lily are one year, and are 3/4 Cavalier, 1/4 Poodle.
I didn't take this photo intentionally for comparison, but they are all but lying parallel to each other with the front of the cranium level, so a good way to show why Cavaliers are classified as brachycephalic on the Cephalic index. Looking at the photo you will see line B indicates the front of the cranium, and line A is the back of the cranium for Toby (Cavalier) on the left of the photo, and for Henry, it is not. He has around another couple cm's at least cranium beyond that line. Line C indicates where Toby's muzzle ends, and again you can see Henry's muzzle extends considerably further. Cavaliers are often not considered short nosed, but that is when they are compared with other breeds with Brachycephaly, that have extreme shortened muzzles like the Pug and French Bulldog. Compared to a dog head with medium proportions though, they are clearly short muzzled. Henry is a Brittany, and is classified on the Cephalic index as mesocephalic "having a head of medium proportions, not markedly brachycephalic or dolichocephalic."
So everything Henry has in his longer cranium and longer muzzle, Toby also has, but it has to fit in to a lot less room. So we have a concertina effect on the head from the back of the cranium, due to the shortened length of the cranium, and also from the front of the cranium, due to the shortening of the muzzle. Which should be then easy to comprehend and visualize why we see brain prolapsing issues at the back of the skull, and constricted airway issues, as bone, cartilage, soft tissues and teeth all struggle to find space with dogs being bred with Brachycephaly and understand why breeding Brachycephaly in to dogs intentionally, should stop.
Most people think the problems with breeds bred with the disease Brachycephaly is all to do with the shortening of the muzzle, and many problems are caused by this, and the short muzzle does further compound the issues caused by the the shortening of the cranium, but as Cavaliers are one of the longer muzzled breeds being bred with Brachycephaly, they are also one of the commonest being treated for BOAS. "In a study of BAOS surgery on 155 Australian dogs, the cavalier was the most common breed." Which indicates that it is not just nose length causing problems and not only should breeders be breeding for longer muzzles to stop dogs suffering with BOAS, but they should also be looking to lengthen the cranium, to not only tackle Syringomyelia, but to reduce the occurrence of BOAS. So basically they should stop breeding dogs with Brachycephaly.
Just got this lovely animated photo of Archie with Angie's daughter for his 5th Birthday greetings from Angie. Archie is Millie and Ollie's litter sibling. He is from Smudge and Reggie's litter of Nine pups born in 2012.
give your lovely cuddly Archie a big 5th Birthday cuddle from us all at Poundlane.
Hope he's back to full fitness after his cruciate ligament ops.
Love from Poundlane
Just been out to shut the chickens in, and just had Henry with me. He was curious of the egg in my hand, that I had found in one of the laying boxes, but as you will see "Henry don't like eggs. I decided to have a little fun, and do a bit of heel work, as I can't remember the last time I'd intentionally done some with him, although he pretty well follows me around best part of the time in a heel position around our home. He gets distracted at one point, as there was someone doing some fencing across the road from our gate, but we snatch it back, just. I nearly clipped the last bit off, but it does show that our dogs have little aggression issues around food. That is 16 dogs, and one egg, and not one growl.
Just got 5th Birthday greetings from Alsion who has Millie, who is Ollie's litter sibling. She is from Smudge and Reggie's litter of Nine pups born in 2012.
great to hear from you on Millie's 5th Birthday. Yes, it is really 5 years ago Millie and her 8 litter siblings came in the world.
I'm looking forward to our breeding adventures next year. It's nice to take a break this year from pups, but I must admit, I'm starting to get a little bit broody.
Hope your family and you are all well. Give Millie a big cuddle from us all.
Love from us all at Poundlane
Got these two lovely photos of Jessica and brother Toby. Jessica is still coping really well with just three legs after the accident in April 2014, which ended with her having to have her left back leg amputated Jessica is home
Just had a sandwich for lunch, and decided to sit and watch the news on television. Toby decided to snuggle up on my feet, and along came his son Ernest. To the left of them is Toby's sister Jessica, with Smudge just back to the left of me, and old Ysobel's head can be seen, as she lies below the television.
Just found this 5th Birthday greeting email and photo for Ollie, who is 5 years old today, from Sharon. Ollie is from Smudge's first ever litter, which was with our Reggie. Ollie was one of Nine pups, so a big "Happy 5th Birthday" to Ollie, Archie, Crumble, Millie, Hunny, Dougle, Lola, Tiggy and Darcy. Hope you and your families are all well, and are having a lovely day.
"Lovely to hear from you Sharon,
and that you managed to find a playmate for Ollie. Thanks for pointing out which one is Ollie, as Bertie looks like a Maxi-me rather than a Mini-me of Ollie. Really 5 years ? It is getting a bit scary how the years are flying past.
Have a wonderful 5th Birthday with Ollie, and give him a big hug from us all.
Love from us all at Poundlane
Our Cavalier boy Toby last night, with his 3/4 Cavalier, 1/4 Poodle son Ernest using him as a cushion, whilst asleep together.
Ysobel was 10 years old a few days ago, and my daughter Molly took these photos of her this morning. Ysobel was watching me, as I was talking about something,. By the way she yawned, it must of been, not that interesting.
Scientists aim to grow humans in plastic bag after successful test I'm not sure how to feel about this. Part of me is a tad amazed, the other part is a tad fearful. The first publication of their research can be found here
The largest genetic analysis to date of domestic dog breeds has figured out how those breeds came to be, which ones are really closely related, and what makes some dogs more susceptible to certain diseases Where did your dog come from? New tree of breeds may hold the answer
"Elaine Ostrander and Heidi Parker, geneticists at the National Human Genome Research Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, and their colleagues spent 20 years going to dog shows, writing dog fanciers, and getting help from all corners of the world to collect DNA samples; in some cases they used already collected data. They weren’t interested in determining how and when dogs were domesticated, but how all the breeds developed. Their sample now includes 1346 dogs representing 161 breeds, or not quite half of all kinds of dogs. By comparing the differences at 150,000 spots on each dog's genome, they built a family tree. "The scope of the analysis is very impressive, [a] tour-de-force on breed evolution," says evolutionary biologist Robert Wayne of the University of California, Los Angeles, who was not involved with the work."
Cell Reports the whole study and amazing graphics Genomic Analyses Reveal the Influence of Geographic Origin, Migration, and Hybridization on Modern Dog Breed Development
Received this lovely update from Sarah for Harley a couple days ago. Harley is from Primrose and Henry's Brittany/Cavalier litter born July 2016 Primrose has six pups
I hope you and all the family are well? I’m still enjoying reading your blog and all the updates on your Poundlane pups. I thought I’d send an overdue one for my pup! It’s hard to believe that Harley is 9mths old now. It’s frightening how quickly it’s gone and also how much he’s changed. Heather has now finished two absolutely stunning paintings of Harley at 9wks and 16wks old (see attached photo) – the difference when you see them side by side is astonishing. He seems to have slowed up growing now and currently weighs just over 13kg. He’s a lovely dog – but very, very excitable, especially when we go to new places. I have had tips on how to tackle this though and he seems to be getting better. It’s been lovely being in touch with Heather as Albey is obviously a few months older than Harley, so Heather gives me reassurance that it’ll all be OK in the end!
Gundog training is going well. Harley seems to really enjoy it – it’s one of the places he gets super excited to get too, which I take as a good sign. We passed our Foundation course with a Merit, which I was very proud of. We’re now doing the Bronze course which is working more on retrieves and off lead handling. Harley isn’t too keen on retrieving, he prefers to pick it up, lie down and chew it! But after a one to one lesson with our lovely trainer, this is improving. As part of this weeks lesson, we finished with a bit of a team relay race, incorporating elements of obedience and a couple of tiny agility jumps – we both really enjoyed it, so perhaps agility is something else to look at in the future?
I can’t believe how much more confident I am since having Harley as going to a class like this prior to having him would’ve been something I would’ve found really hard, so I have a lot to thank my little pup for. I’m also becoming a lot less stressed about whether I’m doing the right thing with Harley all the time. I think this is because we’re now in our routine and he’s obviously a lot more settled and calm at home. We have our blips but we’re generally doing OK. One such blip was that since we’ve been doing the gundog classes, Harley decided that he’d much rather be fed all his food by hand (as I use his breakfast as training treats on our walk), but I’ve managed to persuade him now that he won’t get dinner if he doesn’t eat it out of his bowl! Dogs are funny sometimes and much cleverer than I imagined!
It’s lovely to see photos of Bertha & Sasha on your blog. They both seem to be doing well. Sasha looks very much like her Dad I think? Harley has a definite Brittany look at times, but strangely on walks, people always ask if he’s a Cavalier (& then look at me blankly when I say yes, but crossed with a Brittany!) I had to laugh at the comment on Alfie’s owners email about Alfie being a Cavalier inside and a Brittany outside – that is also Harley to a tee! We get outside, the nose goes down and that’s it for a while. He always pays me much more attention when we head back down the same path as I suppose the sniffs aren’t quite so interesting second time around?!
Harley & I are off on holiday to Derbyshire in June with my parents, so I’m hoping he’ll get on OK with that. It’ll be interesting to see how things go, I’ve got my fingers crossed it won’t be too stressful. Hopefully he’ll be coming to the end of the “teenage” stage by then and will be a little calmer, we’ll see!
All the best to you, the family and the dogs (hoping Dolly is still doing well?)
Hope you like the attached photos,
Sarah & Harley (who we occasionally still call Harley Jim Bob!)"
we are all well, thanks. Sasha and Bertha can both have moments of being very excited. It is the best part their age. You can really see the Cavalier in him, and I find it funny when people think they are a pure Cavalier, Not many people know of the Brittany spaniel.
I think the nose down and selective hearing is just generally a spaniel thing, although Brittany Dad Henry and his Cavalier Mum Primrose have both always been very good at recall. Alfie's Mum though is our Cavalier Smudge, and she does suffer with selective hearing, and the two sisters we have of Alfie's Bumble and Blottie, Bumble takes after their Brittany Dad with a spot on recall, but Blottie has been a lot more work, as she has a lot more drive to hunt than Bumble. At two now though, I can't remember the last time I spent frantically calling for her, so I'm hoping we have nailed it finally.
Heather's Munchkinmay paintings are very good, and a lovely memory for you to have of Harley growing up. Good to hear that he is enriching your life, and yes, dogs are a lot smarter than most people realize.
Dolly is really well at the moment, and I hope your family are all well. The photos are lovely, thanks. Wishing Harley and you a lovely holiday in June with your parents.
Love from us all at Poundlane
Jane x "
“The greatest pleasure of a dog is that you may make a fool of yourself with him, and not only will he not scold you,but he will make a fool of himself, too.”
― Samuel Butler
Me (Jane) with Puddin' and Teagol, waiting patiently to flush a patch of kale, December 2019
Hello, I am Jane!